Expressed by learned community in the early twentieth
century, the need for engineering specialists trained
nationally became urgent. Until then, young people from
Estonia had received their specialist education in St.
Petersburg, Germany or Riga. Opportunities had to be sought
for engineering-minded people to acquire Estonian-based
education adapted to local conditions and needs.
On 17 September 1918, the
Estonian Engineering Society managed to open an
Estonian-based engineering school named Special Engineering
Courses. That date has been recognised as the founding date
of Tallinn University of Technology. Programmes were offered
in mechanical, electrical, civil and hydraulic engineering,
shipbuilding and architecture.
In 1919, the school became the
private Tallinn College of Engineering, which in 1920 was
declared a state institution. Teachers’ efforts to develop
Estonian terminology for science and technology proved
fruitful and the first engineering books were published. In
1923, the first engineering graduation theses were defended
in Estonia. In the same year, a State laboratory of
Materials Testing was opened for research work.
By the 15 September was 1936
Act of the Head of of State, the school was granted the
status of University, named Tallinn Technical Institute. The
Institute had 2 faculties: civil and mechanical engineering,
and chemistry and mining. In 1938, the name – Tallinn
Technical University – was effective.
In 1940 the Faculty of
Economics, in 1958 the Faculty of Power Engineering and in
1965 the Faculty of Control Engineering were founded.
TUT in 2008
The mission of Tallinn
University of Technology (TUT) is to support Estonia’s
sustainable development through scientific creation and
science-based higher education in the field of engineering,
technology, natural and social sciences.
Tallinn University of
Technology is a national university of technology,
internationally renowned, known as a reliable partner at
different levels of collaboration networks. TUT is serving
our nation as a hothouse of engineering and technology
professionals and a driving force for developing
knowledge-based economy. TUT fosters integration of
technical and related natural and social sciences and
humanities that create a basis of higher technological
education and advance of Estonia’s economy. TUT is committed
to collaboration in the networks of the countries of the
Baltic Sea region, Europe and worldwide. TUT is seeking
international institutional accreditation in next years.
In 2008 TUT includes over 13
000 students and 1970 employees (incl. TUT affiliated
institutions), offering Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctor’s
degree programmes as well as non-academic applied HE
programmes in university regional colleges. In June 2007 the
number of TUT graduates reached 50 000.
The academic part of the
university is organised into 8 faculties (Civil Engineering,
Power Engineering, Humanities, Information Technology,
Chemical and Materials Technology, Economics and Business
Administration, Science and Mechanical Engineering), 33
departments and 113 chairs, 9 faculty research centres and
10 TUT affiliated institutions.
Teaching is conducted in
Estonian, however, during the first two years, Russian-based
general studies are possible. To provide an opportunity to
international students to become part of the University, TUT
is increasing the number of International Degree Programmes
taught in English. International programmes at Tallinn
University of Technology focus on 3 domains: information
technology, business administration, and engineering. TUT
offers 6 full-time degree programmes in English.
TUT is a highly
internationally-oriented university. Following the Bologna
declaration, signed by a large number of European countries,
TUT transferred to the 3+2 year programme (3 years of
Bachelor and 2 years of Master studies). These 5 year
engineering curricula promote development of quality and
TUT, the only university of
technology in Estonia, is committed to high level basic and
applied research significant on the global and national
scale, implementable in teaching and promotion of innovation.
The University aims at enhancing its contribution to
Estonia’s science policy, based on key international trends
and local industry needs and social, economic changes in the
Research and development
activities are arranged through departments, research
centres and R&D institutions: Institute of Geology,
Institute of Cybernetics, Institute of Marine Systems,
Estonian Institute of Energy Research.
The University has its
strategic research areas: innovative industrial technologies
of the information society, chemistry and materials sciences,
bio- and gene-technology, energy saving and sustainable
environmental technologies, and socio-economic research.
In order to promote economy a
spin-off programme has been developed at TUT, which aims at
commercialising research and development products and
creating favourable conditions and motivation for promoting
economy. The programme is carried out in co-operation with
the TUT Innovation Centre.
TUT is an initiator in
developing research-intensive enterprise environment. It is
in the process of setting up the Technology Park and
Technopolis in Mustamäe, Tallinn.
Open to international
cooperation, TUT participates in several European Union
programmes, is involved in international research and
development agreements, and has acquired over a hundred
individual research grants from different foundations and
organizations. Each year TUT’s research teams have been
awarded the National Science Prizes.
Prof. Dr Andrus Aavik,
Tallinn University of