Martins Zaumanis, Eric Olesen, Viktors Haritonovs, Guntis Brencis, Juris Smirnovs - Laboratory evaluation of organic and chemical warm mix asphalt technologies for SMA asphalt (Vol VII, No 3)

Vilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityRiga Technical UniversityTallinn University of TechnologyBaltic Road Association

 

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ISSN 1822-427X print
ISSN 1822-4288 online
 

 

 
 

"The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering"
Vilnius: Technika, 2012, Vol VII, No 3, p. 191-197


Martins Zaumanis, Eric Olesen, Viktors Haritonovs, Guntis Brencis, Juris Smirnovs

Laboratory evaluation of organic and chemical warm mix asphalt technologies for SMA asphalt

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2012.26
 

Warm mix asphalt (WMA) technologies allow significant lowering of the production and paving temperature of the conventional hot mix asphalt (HMA), which promise various benefits, e.g. lowering the greenhouse gas emissions, reduction of energy consumption, improved working conditions, better workability and compaction, etc. However, in order to reach widespread implementation of WMA, it is necessary to prove that it has the same or better mechanical characteristics and long-term performance as HMA. This article presents a laboratory study that has been conducted to evaluate two different WMA technologies chemical (using Rediset WMX) and organic (using Sasobit) for the use with stone matrix asphalt (SMA). The properties of two types of bitumen after modification with two different dosages of each WMA additive have been tested by traditional empirical test methods and with the Dynamic Shear Rheometer for a wide temperature range. Asphalt testing has been performed for SMA11 type mixture. At first, the necessary changes in testing conditions were determined by means of asphalt stiffness the results suggested that for adequate comparison with reference HMA, at least two hour asphalt aging is essential before preparing test specimens. The properties of asphalt were determined for specimens that were prepared at four different compaction temperatures by means of two compaction methods Marshall hammer and gyratory compactor. The test results show that it is possible to reduce the compaction temperature of 155 C for HMA to at least 125 C for both WMA products with maintaining similar density and mechanical characteristics at intermediate to high temperatures.

 
Keywords:  warm mix asphalt, bitumen rheology, stiffness, aging, permanent deformations.

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