Bin Yu, Qing Lu - Empirical acoustic model for asphalt surface mixes (Vol VIII, No 3)

Vilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityRiga Technical UniversityTallinn University of TechnologyBaltic Road Association


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2015 Impact Factor: 0.519 ©2015 Thomson Reuters, 2015 Journal Citation Report®

ISSN 1822-427X print
ISSN 1822-4288 online



"The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering"
Vilnius: Technika, 2013, Vol VIII, No 3, p. 151-157

Bin Yu, Qing Lu
Empirical acoustic model for asphalt surface mixes
DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2013.19
In this paper, an empirical acoustic model was developed for four asphalt surface mixes, including conventional dense-graded asphalt concrete (DGAC), open-graded asphalt concrete (OGAC), rubberized open-graded asphalt concrete (RAC-O), and rubberized gap-graded asphalt concrete (RAC-G). Tire/pavement noise data were collected and converted from in-service flexible pavements using an on-board sound intensity (OBSI) method, for four consecutive years. Because the panel structured noise data contain potential violations to basic assumptions of ordinary least square models, several econometric techniques were used to address the violations and develop rational models. Specifically, instrumental variables and a multinomial logit (MNL) model were used to address endogeneity, and a two-way randomeffect model was used to capture the unobserved heterogeneity. The estimated model suggests that tire/pavement noise increases with pavement age and mean profile depth (MPD), and decreases with air-void content of surface mixes. The noise levels of the four asphalt surface mixes rank as: RAC-O < OGAC < RAC-G < DGAC.
Keywords:  on-board sound intensity, asphalt mixes, panel data, econometrics, empirical model, noise.

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